ETHNONYMS: Cuchano, Cuchan, Cushan, Yum, Yuma, Identification. MOHAVE. The Quechan likely acted as middlemen and/or extracted a portion of the trade goods in exchange for safe passage across the crossing. The federally recognized Quechan tribe's main office is located in Fort Yuma, Arizona. Anthology of myths and traditional literature from the Quechan and other Native California tribes. Back to Native American monsters and spiritsf And It Is Still That Way: Charming collection of legends told by Quechan and other Arizona Indian children. Dream power was essential for successful leaders, curers, warriors, and the various ritual specialists. It was conceived as a reenactment of the original mourning Ceremony following creator Kukumat's death. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/quechan, "Quechan Some clan names are considered foreign to the Quechan, indicating Perhaps some earlier incorporation of alien groups into the tribal structure. Nuclear family households then became numerous. Occasional irregularities in the river floods lent some uncertainty to the supply of cultivated foods. The names of the most famous chief of the Yuma tribe was Chief Pasqual. Ceremonies. The Quechan are an American Indian group located in western Arizona and eastern California. Reservation. He served at the will of his ranchería and was expected to be generous with his time and property. Protestant and Catholic doctrine has become popular, but there is still an active core of men who preserve the traditional beliefs and an even larger group who combine elements of both traditional and Christian belief. Gossip was probably a frequently used mechanism of social control in the past; it continues to be the most popular means. During this time, too, warfare was endemic between the Quechan and other tribes living along the Colorado and Gila rivers. The tribe retained control of the area until the early 1850s, when the U.S. Army defeated them and established Fort Yuma at the crossing. Today households are scattered primarily along the main roads linking the reservation with the nearby city of Yuma, Arizona, and the smaller town of Winterhaven, California. Conflict. Clan functions besides regulating marriage are no longer clearly known. Despite their name, they are not related to the … Until recently there was no inheritance of deceased's property; it was either destroyed (goods) or abandoned (land), lest the survivors be constantly reminded of their loss. Surviving Through the Days: Translations of Native California Stories and Songs, Quechan religion and expressive traditions, The Religion of the Indians of California. This is an outrage," said Mike Jackson, Sr., President of the Quechan Tribal Council. Cocopah Indian Tribe. Instead of prayers or sacrifices, there were formulas and purification through smoking and abstinence that produced more or less automatic results. FUNERAL PROTOCOL WILL BE HELD TO (2) HOURS UNDER THE BIG HOUSE RAMADA PRIOR TO CREMATION … Spirits of some of the dead also return to receive the offerings to them burned during the kar'úk ritual. Although Christian missions were established in their territories, particularly by the Spanish, belief in their old traditions has continued, albeit with some Christian influence. Social Control. Demography. For most of the twentieth century the tribe has been attempting to create a secure economic base for the Reservation, one to replace the relative abundance of the traditional riverbottom farming that gave out in the early 1900s. The Quechan (or Yuma) (Quechan: Kwtsaan 'those who descended') are an aboriginal American tribe who live on the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation on the lower Colorado River in Arizona and California just north of the Mexican border. Children were and are raised permissively. Most of the time the rancherías operated as autonomous political entities, each with a headman noted for his wisdom and speaking ability. . Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. tweet: quechan tribe social service applications are … Ed Pinkston described how traditional tribal religions influence people’s mindset in a paper he presented to a church-planting conference in Abidjan in 1991: “In African Traditional Religion, … everything has a spiritual cause — sickness, success, failure, accidents, death, just as for the Western mind, everything has a … The Yuma tribe fiercely resisted the invasion of their homelands and fought against the US in the Yuma War (1850–1853). Dream power was the source of a curer's abilities. The Quechan recognize a Series of exogamous patrilineal clans. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 28:85-278. It is likely that control of this trade route was one of the issues in persistent intertribal warfare until the 1860s. Medicine. The federally recognized Quechan tribe's main office is located in Winterhaven, California. The Quechan (or Yuma) (Quechan: Kwtsaan 'those who descended') are an aboriginal American tribe who live on the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation on the lower Colorado River in Arizona and California just north of the Mexican border. "Quechan," meaning "those who descended," is a shortening of the name that the Quechan believe was given to them and to other lower Colorado peoples at the time of creation on the sacred mountain Avikwame: "Xám Kwacán," meaning "those who descended by a different way" or "those who descended by way of the water.". Traditional Yuman beliefs are characterized by a creation myth and belief in a supreme creator. Religious Beliefs.The elemental Quechan beliefs involve a spiritual power derived from special dreams and a continuing interaction with the souls of the dead. The federally recognized Quechan tribe's main office is located in Fort Yuma, Arizona. The Committee includes tribal elders selected to protect Quechan history, identity, and spiritual practices. But there was apparently considerable flexibility in betrothal and marriage patterns. In lean years foodstuffs were traded. The dream power is bestowed by the first men, created by Kukumat but imbued with spiritual power and culture by Kukumat's son Kumastamxo. The federally recognized Quechan tribe's main office is located in Fort Yuma, Arizona. The Mohaves are the northernmost of three culturally related groups living along the lower Colorado River. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Sorcery and occasionally murder were used against repeated and flagrant social deviance. No permanent White settlements were attempted at the crossing until 1779, when Spanish settlers and soldiers arrived. support our organization's work with endangered American Indian languages. When complete it will feature a museum and a hotel. Quechan tradition describes their creation, along with that of other lower Colorado River tribes, by their culture hero, Kukumat. In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries Quechan women made pottery utensils, distinctive clay dolls, and beaded shawls; only the shawls are still made. Hunting was not very productive. Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps. The dream power is bestowed by the first men, created by Kukumat but imbued with spiritual power and culture by Kukumat's son Kumastamxo. During their first menstruation, girls were lectured by older women about the proper adult female role; boys went through an initiation ritual in which they were made to run long distances after having their nasal septa pierced and were lectured on the ideal traits of adult Quechan males. "Quechan." google_ad_slot = "7815442998"; Traditionally these leadership positions were held by males. The Yuma Native American Indians consisted of various tribes: the Quechan, Cocopah, Hualapai, Mojave, and some Maricopas. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Members are enrolled into the Quechan Tribe of the Fort Yuma Indian Reservation. The elders in the extended family household traditionally played a major part in the socialization of the young. Males waged war, although there were typically warrior-women accompanying each major war party. "Ethnography of the Yuma Indians." It’s bad for business and our community’s health. Other "religious" ceremonies were more like large-scale feasts. Vol. And even nuclear family households are frequently but a few acres away from those of close kin. After White Americans developed the crossing into a transportation center, Quechans worked as unskilled wage laborers in the town or on river steamers. Just across the river from the fort a small White American town soon sprang up to cash in on the increasing overland traffic between California and the East, and to the north and south along the Colorado itself. The dream power is bestowed by the first men, created by Kukumat but imbued with spiritual power and culture by Kukumat's son Kumastamxo. In 1781, after two years of Spanish depredations, the Quechans attacked them, killing some and driving the others away. The Yuma Tribe Summary and Definition: The Yuma tribe, also known as the Quechan, lived in the states of California and Arizona along the Colorado River. 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