Knowledge, Well Presented Sign up for a LinkedIn account to learn or share your insights about any topic on SlideShare. In this process, the amount of muscle tissue and the number and size of muscle fibers gradually decrease. You might not expect it, but using energy to exercise gives you more get-up-and-go. The effects of physical exercise seem to be mediated by intensity as well as the duration of effort, the muscle … This increase is associated with health and economic consequences, especially in low sub-Saharan Africa that is resource The effects of exercise on the musculoskeletal system are the greatest benefits people can ask for to maintain effectiveness of muscle and bone activities.While there can be benefits of exercising, so does limitations. We use acronyms, memorable phrases and sporting examples allowing students to understand the content and recall it ahead of their exams. Short term effects occur immediately as we begin to exercise. 1. Effects of smoking and drinking on the heart. exercise for upper extremity may be has higher effect on the respiratory muscle strength. Mechanisms explaining the effect of exercise training on treatments for other diseases are included. Cardio and muscle endurance Aerobic exercise (also known as cardio) is physical exercise of low to high intensity that depends primarily on the aerobic energy-generating process. Short term effects of exercise